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Principles of composition

Principles of composition are only just the beginning in understanding and organizing elements within an image.

The artist determines what the center of interest (focus in photography) of the artwork will be. He composes elements accordingly. This is usually to capture the viewer’s attention, to provide an overall sensation first, and then to guide his gaze to the central point, and eventually linger over components of the image.

Some principles of organisation affecting the composition of a picture are:

CENTER OF INTEREST

or focus - determines what the center of attention of the artwork will be.

POINT OF VIEW

represents subjective choice of photographers angle to the scene. In general, it simply means the position from which the camera sees the object of shooting.

RHYTHM

or tempo is two-dimensional, geometric perception of repeated beat. Visual art, as well as other arts – music, combines repetition as pauses to create a sense of rhythm in the image.

GOLDEN RATIO

is a specific relationship between two sizes that meet the following rule: the ratio of their sum to larger size is equal to the ratio of larger size to the smaller.

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